The vast majority of ASIC-resistant algorithms have been designed by software engineers who have made assumptions about the limitations of custom hardware. These assumptions tend to be incorrect. At the end of the day, you’ll always be able to create custom hardware that can outperform standard hardware. Regardless of the algorithm, there is always a path that custom hardware engineers can take to beat general-purpose hardware. This is a fundamental limitation of general purpose equipment. The strategy of looking for off-network ASICs on a network will lose power as chip designers have the ability to create flexible chips, ranging from slightly flexible to very flexible, with each piece of flexibility costing just a little bit. performance. The ultimate conclusion here again comes back to the capabilities of ASICs. Many people who do not realize that flexible ASICs are possible, and expected that it would be sufficient to systematically make small ranges to disrupt network ASICs. This can sometimes be enough, but in the same way that algorithms can try to resist ASICs, ASICs can try to be resilient, especially when the changes are minor.