The Lightning network, first proposed by Thaddeus Dryja and Joseph Poon in a 2015 white paper, creates a layer above the bitcoin blockchain. The use of payment channels through the Lightning network allows users to conduct transactions directly between them rather than broadcasting their activities worldwide (also known as public blockchain). By following their payments between them, both parties can avoid costly and tedious interactions with the blockchain. In the event of a dispute over balances on the Lightning Network, the last balance sheet provided by either party will decide how the funds will be allocated to the multi-signature portfolio. Unfortunately, the lightning network has its disadvantages. Perhaps most importantly, it is far from ready to be deployed on a large scale. Adding a second layer to the existing bitcoin blockchain is complex and developers have suggested that it will take time to resolve these issues. Another problem encountered by Lightning developers is enthusiastic enthusiasts in the beta versions of this technology before it is truly tested. Clearly, the excitement of how Lightning networks could significantly speed up bitcoin transactions is clearly exciting. However, some of the users who tried the beta versions lost their bitcoin or were baffled by the extra payment layer. The developers have suggested that fans do not use the beta during the test phase until problems are resolved, but users have not listened yet.