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The Fourth Turning Meets Bitcoin: A Catalyst for Societal Change

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In a world where history often feels like a chaotic series of events, the Fourth Turning Theory by historians William Strauss and Neil Howe offers a lens through which we can understand the cyclical nature of time and societal change. Introduced in their seminal 1997 book, “The Fourth Turning: An American Prophecy,” the theory posits that history unfolds in cycles of approximately 80-100 years, each divided into four distinct “turnings” that last about 20-25 years. These turnings—ranging from periods of high societal order to times of crisis and upheaval—shape the mood, behaviour, and events of each generation.

Amidst the backdrop of what many believe to be a current Fourth Turning, characterized by crisis and institutional decay, a groundbreaking innovation emerged—Bitcoin. Created in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin was a direct response to the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. It promised a new kind of financial system, one that was decentralized, transparent, and free from the control of any single institution.

As we navigate the complexities of our times, the intersection of the Fourth Turning theory and the rise of Bitcoin offers a compelling narrative. Could Bitcoin, born from the ashes of financial instability, have a transformative role to play in the current Fourth Turning and the subsequent First Turning that will follow? This article aims to explore this intriguing confluence of generational cycles and technological innovation, offering insights that are particularly relevant in the context of D-Central Technologies’ focus on Bitcoin maximalism and the cypherpunk ethos.

The Fourth Turning: A Recap

The Fourth Turning is a period marked by profound societal upheaval and transformation. It is the winter season in Strauss and Howe’s generational cycle, a time when the collective mood is sombre, and institutions are scrutinized, torn down, or fundamentally altered. Here are some key characteristics:

  • Crisis: The Fourth Turning is often initiated by a significant crisis that shakes the very foundations of society. This crisis could be economic, political, or social, but it invariably demands urgent collective action.
  • Collective Action: During this period, individual liberties are often sacrificed for the greater good. Society comes together, sometimes reluctantly, to address the crisis at hand, leading to a surge in community spirit and national identity.
  • Institutional Rebuilding: As the old systems prove inadequate or fail, new institutions are built or existing ones are reformed. This rebuilding is often radical and may involve foundational changes in governance, economics, and social structures.
  • Transformation: The Fourth Turning is not just a period of destruction but also one of rebirth. Society undergoes a significant transformation, often emerging with new cultural, social, and political norms.
  • Resolution: Eventually, the crisis that initiated the Fourth Turning is resolved, one way or another. This resolution sets the stage for a new First Turning, a period of growth and optimism.

Historical Examples of Fourth Turnings

Understanding the Fourth Turning is easier when we look at historical examples that fit this mould:

  • American Revolution (1775–1783): This period saw the Thirteen Colonies in North America break away from British rule, leading to the formation of the United States. It was a time of immense upheaval and led to a complete transformation in governance and societal structures.
  • Civil War (1861–1865): The U.S. Civil War was a devastating conflict that pitted the Northern states against the Southern states over issues like slavery and states’ rights. The war led to the abolition of slavery and a fundamental transformation of American society and governance.
  • Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945): The economic hardships of the Great Depression were followed by the global conflict of World War II. These back-to-back crises led to significant changes in global politics, economics, and social welfare systems, setting the stage for the post-war world order.

Each of these Fourth Turnings was characterized by a significant crisis that led to profound changes in society and its institutions. As we explore the role of Bitcoin in this cyclical narrative, it’s essential to understand that we are potentially living through another such transformative period. Given D-Central Technologies’ focus on Bitcoin as a transformative technology, understanding these historical cycles can offer valuable insights into Bitcoin’s potential role in the current Fourth Turning and the First Turning to come.

Bitcoin’s Emergence During the Fourth Turning

The 2008 Global Financial Crisis was a watershed moment that shook the world’s confidence in traditional financial systems. Banks collapsed, markets plummeted, and millions lost their homes and jobs. This crisis is often cited as a trigger for the current Fourth Turning, a period marked by institutional decay, economic instability, and a collective search for new solutions. The crisis exposed the vulnerabilities of centralized financial systems, leading to a loss of public trust and a call for systemic change.

Bitcoin’s Inception as a Response to the Crisis

In this climate of uncertainty and disillusionment, Bitcoin was born. Created by an unknown entity known as Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin was more than just a digital currency; it was a statement against the centralized financial systems that had failed so spectacularly. The Bitcoin whitepaper was published in 2008, and the network came into existence in January 2009 with the mining of the genesis block, which included the text: “The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks.” This message was a clear nod to the financial crisis and the systemic failures it represented.

How Bitcoin Aligns with the Systemic Changes Often Seen in a Fourth Turning

Bitcoin’s decentralized nature and promise of financial sovereignty align remarkably well with the kinds of systemic changes that often occur during a Fourth Turning. Here’s how:

  • Institutional Rebuilding: Bitcoin offers an alternative to traditional financial institutions, acting as a decentralized system where trust is established through cryptography and consensus algorithms rather than centralized authorities.
  • Collective Action: While Bitcoin champions individual financial sovereignty, its network relies on collective action by miners, developers, and users. This mirrors the Fourth Turning’s emphasis on collective efforts to solve crises.
  • Transformation: Just as society undergoes significant transformation during a Fourth Turning, Bitcoin has the potential to transform how we think about money, value, and financial interactions on a global scale.
  • Resolution: As a transparent and immutable system, Bitcoin could play a role in resolving issues of financial inequality and systemic corruption, setting the stage for more stable institutions in the next First Turning.

Given D-Central Technologies’ deep-rooted principles of Bitcoin and cypherpunk ethos, the alignment of Bitcoin with the Fourth Turning’s themes of crisis and transformation is particularly compelling. It offers a glimpse into how this groundbreaking technology could not only be a product of its times but also a catalyst for the societal changes that Fourth Turnings are known to bring about.

What Would Strauss and Howe Say About Bitcoin?

If William Strauss and Neil Howe were to discuss Bitcoin, they would likely start by examining its emergence in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. According to their Fourth Turning theory, significant innovations often arise during periods of crisis, serving as catalysts for systemic change. Bitcoin, with its promise of decentralization and financial sovereignty, fits this pattern remarkably well. It emerged as a direct response to institutional failures, offering an alternative financial system built on transparency and trust.

Generational Adoption

Strauss and Howe would probably delve into how different generations interact with Bitcoin. Millennials and Gen Z, who have grown up in a digital world, are more likely to adopt and integrate Bitcoin into their lives. Older generations, shaped by different historical circumstances, may be more skeptical but are gradually warming up to the idea. This generational divide aligns with their broader theories on how each turning shapes the attitudes and behaviours of different age groups.

Institutional Change

The authors would likely discuss Bitcoin’s potential to serve as the foundation for new financial and social institutions. Fourth Turnings are characterized by the destruction and rebuilding of institutions, and Bitcoin, with its decentralized architecture, could play a significant role in this institutional overhaul. It offers a new model for financial transactions, one that eliminates the need for centralized intermediaries and places power back in the hands of individuals.

Individualism vs. Collectivism

Bitcoin’s emphasis on financial sovereignty and individual control would likely be examined in the context of generational values. During “Awakenings” or Second Turnings, individualism is often emphasized. However, Fourth and First Turnings often see a shift towards collectivism for the greater good. Bitcoin interestingly embodies both, championing individual financial freedom while relying on collective network participation for its functionality.

Social and Political Implications

Given their interest in societal structures, Strauss and Howe would likely explore Bitcoin’s potential impact on governance and social equality. By providing a decentralized financial system, Bitcoin could democratize access to financial resources, reduce corruption, and contribute to more equitable social structures. Its transparent and immutable ledger could also have implications for governance, offering a new model for public accountability.

Long-term Cycles

Finally, they might speculate on Bitcoin’s role in future turnings. Will it be a lasting institution that survives multiple cycles, or is it a phenomenon specific to our current Fourth Turning? Given its transformative potential, Bitcoin could very well become a fixture in future cycles, adapting and evolving with each new turning.

Transitioning to the First Turning

As the Fourth Turning comes to a close, society transitions into a new cycle, beginning with the First Turning. This period is often characterized by a collective sigh of relief, as the crisis that dominated the Fourth Turning is resolved and a new era of stability begins. The mood shifts from one of skepticism and disillusionment to one of optimism and trust. Here are some key characteristics of the First Turning:

  • Societal Growth: The First Turning is a time of economic prosperity and societal expansion. With the crisis resolved, people are more willing to invest in the future, leading to advancements in technology, infrastructure, and social welfare.
  • Optimism: The collective mood is one of optimism. People have faith in institutions and each other, leading to a more cohesive society. This is a time when new cultural and social norms are established, reflecting the lessons learned during the Fourth Turning.
  • Strong Institutions: One of the most defining features of the First Turning is the presence of strong, stable institutions. These institutions, either reformed or newly created during the Fourth Turning, are trusted by the public and are seen as pillars of societal stability.

The Role Strong Institutions Play in Shaping the First Turning

Strong institutions are not just a byproduct of the First Turning; they are a driving force that shapes this period. These institutions provide the framework within which societal growth and optimism flourish. They offer stability, enforce laws, and create an environment conducive to economic growth. Whether it’s the financial system, the healthcare sector, or governmental bodies, these institutions are designed to be robust, transparent, and accountable, reflecting the collective values and lessons learned from the previous Fourth Turning.

In the context of Bitcoin, the question arises: Could this decentralized financial system evolve into a strong institution that shapes the First Turning? Given its potential for financial sovereignty, transparency, and inclusivity, Bitcoin could very well serve as a cornerstone institution in the upcoming First Turning. It offers a model that aligns with the ethos of strong institutions, potentially playing a pivotal role in shaping a period of societal growth and optimism.

For D-Central Technologies, this transition offers an opportunity to solidify Bitcoin’s role as a transformative technology. With its focus on Bitcoin, the company is well-positioned to contribute to the dialogue and actions that will define the role of Bitcoin in the First Turning, further emphasizing its potential as a strong institution for the future.

Bitcoin’s Potential Role in the First Turning

As society transitions from the Fourth Turning to the First Turning, the role of strong institutions becomes pivotal in shaping a period of growth, optimism, and stability. Bitcoin, with its transformative potential, could play a significant role in this new era. Here’s how:

Financial Sovereignty and Trust

One of the foundational principles of Bitcoin is financial sovereignty—the ability for individuals to have full control over their own financial assets without the need for intermediaries. In a First Turning, where trust in institutions is high, Bitcoin could serve as a new kind of financial institution. One that is not centralized but is still trusted, offering a transparent and immutable system that empowers individuals and fosters collective trust.

Economic Stability

Bitcoin’s decentralized nature makes it less susceptible to the whims of any single government or organization, offering a more stable alternative to traditional currencies. As we move into a First Turning characterized by economic growth, Bitcoin could contribute to this stability by acting as a hedge against inflation and financial mismanagement.

Technological Innovation

The First Turning is often a period of significant technological advancement. Bitcoin, as a groundbreaking financial technology, could be at the forefront of this innovation wave. Its underlying blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize not just financial transactions but also areas like supply chain management, identity verification, and more.

Social and Political Change

Bitcoin’s potential to democratize financial access could have far-reaching social and political implications. Providing a decentralized financial system, it could contribute to greater social equality and offer a new model for civic participation and governance, aligning well with the collective optimism of a First Turning.

Global Inclusion

One of the most transformative aspects of Bitcoin is its potential for global financial inclusion. Unlike traditional financial systems, which often exclude large segments of the population, Bitcoin is accessible to anyone with an internet connection. In a First Turning, where societal growth and global connectivity are likely to be themes, Bitcoin could play a crucial role in including marginalized communities in the global financial system.

For D-Central Technologies, these various roles that Bitcoin could play in the First Turning offer exciting avenues for exploration and development. With its reputation as Canada’s premier ASIC repair center and its focus on Bitcoin, the company is uniquely positioned to contribute to Bitcoin’s evolution as a strong institution in the upcoming First Turning. This aligns perfectly with the company’s core beliefs and its commitment to high-quality, trustworthy, and sustainable practices in the Bitcoin ecosystem.

D-Central Technologies’ Perspective

As a leader in the Bitcoin mining industry, D-Central Technologies brings a unique perspective to the discussion of Bitcoin’s role in the Fourth and First Turnings. We recognize Bitcoin as a transformative technology with the potential to reshape financial and social institutions.

In the context of the Fourth Turning, D-Central Technologies sees Bitcoin as a natural response to the systemic failures exposed by the 2008 Financial Crisis. It embodies the collective desire for a more transparent, decentralized, and equitable financial system. As we transition into the First Turning, the company believes that Bitcoin could evolve into a cornerstone institution that fosters economic stability, technological innovation, and global inclusion.

Alignment with Fourth and First Turning Themes through Innovative Mining Practices

D-Central Technologies is not just a passive observer of these societal shifts; it is an active participant, particularly through its focus on innovative Bitcoin mining practices. The company is Canada’s premier ASIC repair center and is committed to environmentally sustainable mining operations. This focus aligns seamlessly with the themes of crisis resolution and institutional rebuilding that characterize the Fourth Turning.

As we look forward to the First Turning, D-Central’s commitment to sustainable and innovative technology practices like methane mitigation, dual-purpose mining with space heaters, and the utilization of flared gas positions it as a leader in shaping Bitcoin’s role as an environmentally sustainable institution. These practices not only contribute to economic stability but also resonate with the First Turning’s emphasis on societal growth and strong, trustworthy institutions.

By adhering to high-quality, trustworthy, and sustainable practices, D-Central Technologies aims to contribute meaningfully to Bitcoin’s evolution. Through its actions and insights, D-Central Technologies is poised to be a significant player in shaping the Bitcoin landscape in both the current Fourth Turning and the upcoming First Turning.


As we navigate the complexities of our current Fourth Turning, characterized by crisis and institutional decay, Bitcoin stands out as a beacon of innovation and potential transformation. Born from the ashes of the 2008 Financial Crisis, this groundbreaking technology offers a new paradigm for financial transactions, one that is decentralized, transparent, and inclusive. As we transition into the upcoming First Turning—a period expected to be marked by societal growth, optimism, and strong institutions—Bitcoin could play a pivotal role.

Its potential to serve as a new kind of financial institution aligns perfectly with the themes of trust and stability that characterize the First Turning. By offering financial sovereignty to individuals and fostering global inclusion, Bitcoin could contribute to a more equitable and cohesive society. Moreover, its underlying technology holds the promise of driving significant advancements in various sectors, further fueling societal growth.

As we look to the future, it’s clear that Bitcoin is not just a product of its times but also a potential catalyst for societal change. Its impact could extend beyond the financial realm, influencing social, political, and environmental landscapes. In this cyclical dance of history, where each turning shapes and is shaped by the innovations and crises of the times, Bitcoin could very well be the defining institution of the upcoming First Turning, setting the stage for a new era of growth, stability, and collective well-being.

Don’t just be a spectator in this pivotal moment in history. Be an active participant. Together, we can shape the role that Bitcoin will play in the First Turning and beyond.

Join us at D-Central Technologies as we contribute to this exciting journey toward a more equitable, sustainable, and empowered future.


What is the Fourth Turning theory?

The Fourth Turning theory, proposed by historians William Strauss and Neil Howe, suggests that history unfolds in cycles of approximately 80-100 years, each divided into four distinct “turnings”. These turnings, each lasting about 20-25 years, range from periods of high societal order to times of crisis and upheaval.

What is Bitcoin’s relevance to the Fourth Turning theory?

Bitcoin, created in 2009 in response to the 2008 Global Financial Crisis, emerged during what is believed to be a current Fourth Turning, characterized by crisis and institutional decay. Its decentralized, transparent nature aligns well with the systemic changes often observed during a Fourth Turning.

Can Bitcoin be considered a significant institution in the First Turning?

Given its potential for financial sovereignty, transparency, and inclusivity, Bitcoin could potentially evolve into a cornerstone institution in the anticipated First Turning, shaping a period of societal growth and optimism.

What roles could Bitcoin play in the First Turning?

Bitcoin could contribute to financial sovereignty and trust, economic stability, technological innovation, social and political change, and global inclusion during the First Turning.

What is D-Central Technologies’ perspective on the Fourth Turning theory and Bitcoin?

D-Central Technologies views Bitcoin as a transformative technology that arose from the systemic failures highlighted by the 2008 Financial Crisis. It believes that Bitcoin aligns well with the themes of crisis resolution and institutional rebuilding that characterize the Fourth Turning.

How does D-Central Technologies align its practices with the Fourth and First Turning themes?

D-Central Technologies focuses on innovative and sustainable Bitcoin mining practices. By committing to environmentally sustainable operations, it contributes to resolution during Fourth Turning. And its innovative practices align well with First Turning’s emphasis on societal growth and strong, trustworthy institutions.

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DISCLAIMER: D-Central Technologies and its associated content, including this blog, do not serve as financial advisors or official investment advisors. The insights and opinions shared here or by any guests featured in our content are provided purely for informational and educational purposes. Such communications should not be interpreted as financial, investment, legal, tax, or any form of specific advice. We are committed to advancing the knowledge and understanding of Bitcoin and its potential impact on society. However, we urge our community to proceed with caution and informed judgment in all related endeavors.

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