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Comprehensive Guide to the Bitaxe: The Open Source ASIC Miner Revolutionizing Solo Mining

Table of Contents

The Bitaxe series stands as a revolutionary force in the Bitcoin mining landscape, embodying the ethos of open-source innovation and community collaboration. As the first open-source ASIC miner dedicated to solo mining, Bitaxe has carved out a unique niche by empowering miners with unparalleled customization and control. This open-source nature allows users to delve into the intricacies of Bitcoin mining hardware and software, fostering a vibrant community of enthusiasts and developers who continuously push the boundaries of what’s possible in mining technology.

The Bitaxe series includes several models, each designed to cater to different needs and levels of mining expertise:

  • Bitaxe Ultra: Equipped with the BM1366 ASIC chip, it offers a balance of performance and efficiency, making it ideal for serious miners.
  • Bitaxe Supra: Featuring the advanced BM1368 ASIC chip, this model is designed for miners who demand the utmost in performance and efficiency.
  • Bitaxe Hex: Incorporates six BM1366 chips, providing high scalability and exceptional hash rates for large-scale mining operations.
  • Bitaxe Max: Utilizes the BM1397 chip from the Antminer 17 series, offering a robust solution for beginners and those looking for moderate energy consumption with solid hash rates.

Explore the full range of Bitaxe models and their unique features by visiting the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

With the Bitaxe series, miners are not only able to participate in Bitcoin mining but also contribute to the development and improvement of mining technologies, making it a cornerstone of the open-source mining movement.

Overview of Bitaxe Features

The Bitaxe series champions the open-source philosophy, which is fundamental to advancing Bitcoin mining technology. Open-source hardware in mining allows for transparency, innovation, and collaboration among a global community of developers and enthusiasts. Users can modify and enhance the Bitaxe to fit their specific needs, driving continuous improvements and fostering a culture of innovation. The community-driven enhancements enable users to share their modifications, helping others achieve better performance and efficiency.

Standalone Capabilities

One of the standout features of the Bitaxe is its ability to operate independently. Unlike many other miners that require a connected computer to function, the Bitaxe can mine directly over Wi-Fi. This capability simplifies the setup process and reduces the complexity of mining operations. Users can connect their Bitaxe to their preferred mining pool without needing additional hardware, making it a versatile and user-friendly option for both novice and experienced miners.

High Efficiency

Efficiency is a critical factor in Bitcoin mining, and the Bitaxe series excels in this area. The Bitaxe Ultra and Supra models utilize the advanced BM1366 and BM1368 ASIC chips, respectively. These chips are renowned for their energy efficiency and high hashrates. The BM1366, used in the Bitaxe Ultra, offers an impressive balance of power consumption and performance. Meanwhile, the BM1368, featured in the Bitaxe Supra, pushes the boundaries of mining efficiency, providing exceptional hashrates while minimizing energy usage. This focus on efficiency not only enhances profitability but also aligns with sustainable mining practices.

Explore more about these features and how they can benefit your mining operations by visiting the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

Detailed Assembly Guide

Gathering Materials

To assemble your Bitaxe miner, you’ll need the following essential components and tools:

  • PCB (Printed Circuit Board): The main board where all components will be mounted.
  • ICs (Integrated Circuits) Kit: Includes the BM1366 or BM1368 ASIC chips and other necessary integrated circuits.
  • Solder Paste: Sn63/Pb37 no-clean, leaded solder paste is recommended for its ease of use.
  • Stencil: For applying solder paste accurately on the PCB.
  • Tweezers: Precision tweezers for placing small components.
  • Convection Toaster Oven: Used for reflowing the solder paste and securing components to the PCB.
  • Thermocouple Thermometer: To monitor and control the temperature during the reflow process.
  • Fan with Heatsink: Bitaxe 4010 5V-3P fan for cooling the ASIC chips.
  • Miscellaneous Tools: Magnifier headset for precision, IPA (Isopropyl Alcohol) for cleaning, and soldering iron for touch-ups.

You can find detailed lists and recommendations for materials and tools on the Bitaxe product category page at D-Central Technologies.

Step-by-Step Assembly

  1. Stencil the Solder Paste onto the PCB:
    • Secure the PCB on a flat surface and align the stencil over the board.
    • Apply a thin layer of solder paste across the stencil using a squeegee.
    • Ensure the paste fills all the stencil openings evenly. If any mistakes occur, clean with IPA and reapply.
  2. Place the Components on the Pasted Board:
    • Using precision tweezers, carefully place each component onto the PCB according to the layout.
    • Ensure each component aligns correctly with the solder paste pads.
  3. Reflow the Board in the Toaster Oven:
    • Preheat the convection toaster oven to the required temperature for the solder paste (follow the manufacturer’s specifications).
    • Place the PCB inside and monitor the temperature using a thermocouple thermometer.
    • Follow the specific temperature profile for the solder paste, including soak and reflow phases.
    • Allow the board to cool gradually once the reflow process is complete.
  4. Cool and Inspect the Boards:
    • After the board has cooled to a touchable temperature, inspect it for any solder bridges or dry pads.
    • Use a magnifier headset to check for small issues and fix them with paste flux, solder braid, and a soldering iron if necessary.
  5. Repeat for the Second Side if Necessary:
    • If your PCB has components on both sides, repeat the stenciling, placing, and reflowing process for the second side.

Tips for Ensuring Proper Assembly and Avoiding Common Pitfalls

  • Keep Solder Paste Cold: Store the solder paste in the refrigerator until use to maintain its effectiveness.
  • Precision is Key: Take your time during stenciling and component placement. Use a magnifier headset to see small details clearly.
  • Patience: Rushing can lead to mistakes. Carefully follow each step and ensure all components are placed and soldered correctly.
  • Cleaning: Keep the working area and PCB clean, using IPA to remove any contaminants.

For more detailed instructions and tips, visit the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Setup Issues

Power Supply Problems:

  • Issue: The Bitaxe miner does not power on.
    • Solution: Ensure you are using the correct power supply. The Bitaxe requires a 5V DC power supply with a 2.5/5.5mm barrel jack connector. Double-check the voltage and current ratings to match the requirements specified in the assembly guide.
    • Tip: Avoid using non-approved power supplies, as they can damage the device permanently.

Connectivity Issues:

  • Issue: The Bitaxe miner is not connecting to Wi-Fi.
    • Solution: Verify that you are connecting to a 2.4GHz Wi-Fi network, as the Bitaxe is not compatible with 5GHz networks. Ensure the Wi-Fi SSID and password are entered correctly during the setup process.
    • Tip: If the miner does not connect automatically, use a device such as a phone or laptop to connect to the new Wi-Fi Access Point named Bitaxe_XXXX. Open a browser and navigate to to access the AxeOS web portal for configuration.

Operational Issues

Performance Maintenance:

  • Issue: The Bitaxe miner is underperforming or producing lower hashrates than expected.
    • Solution: Regularly monitor the miner’s performance through the AxeOS web portal. Check the temperature, power consumption, and hash rate. Adjust the power and cooling settings to ensure optimal performance. Ensure that the fan and heatsink are functioning properly to prevent overheating.
    • Tip: Utilize the autotune function in AxeOS to automatically adjust the power and heat settings for maximum efficiency.

Common Errors:

  • Issue: The miner stops working or crashes frequently.
    • Solution: Check for any loose connections or damaged components on the PCB. Inspect the solder joints and reflow any that appear faulty. Ensure that the firmware is up-to-date by checking the GitHub repository for the latest releases and updates.
    • Tip: If persistent issues occur, consult the community forums or the D-Central support resources for troubleshooting advice and solutions shared by other users.

For more detailed troubleshooting guides and support, visit the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

Benefits of Solo Mining with Bitaxe

Independence and Control

Advantages of Solo Mining Over Pool Mining

Solo mining with the Bitaxe gives miners complete control over their mining operations. Unlike pool mining, where miners combine their resources to solve blocks and share the rewards, solo mining allows individuals to work independently. This autonomy means that when a block is solved, the miner receives the entire block reward, which can be significantly more lucrative than the shared rewards in pool mining. Additionally, solo mining reduces dependency on pool operators, minimizing the risks associated with pool mismanagement or failures.

Potential Rewards and Challenges

While the potential rewards of solo mining can be substantial, it’s important to acknowledge the challenges. Solo miners must compete with large-scale mining operations, which can make block discovery less frequent. However, with the efficiency and performance of Bitaxe miners, individuals have a fighting chance to succeed. The key is balancing the risk of infrequent rewards with the satisfaction and potential high payout of solving a block independently.

Community Support

Role of Open Source Miners United (OSMU) in Supporting Bitaxe Users

The Open Source Miners United (OSMU) community plays a crucial role in supporting Bitaxe users. As a collective of developers and enthusiasts, OSMU provides invaluable resources for troubleshooting, optimization, and continuous improvement of Bitaxe hardware and software. This collaborative environment ensures that users have access to the latest enhancements and can contribute their innovations back to the community.

Resources Available for Troubleshooting and Optimization

Bitaxe users can access a wealth of resources through the OSMU community and D-Central Technologies. These resources include detailed documentation, community forums, and GitHub repositories where users can find and share solutions to common issues, as well as tips for optimizing their mining setups. This network of support helps users maximize the performance and efficiency of their Bitaxe miners.

Decentralization and Censorship Resistance

The Bitaxe series embodies the original vision of Bitcoin as a decentralized and censorship-resistant currency. By enabling individuals to solo mine, Bitaxe promotes the principle of “one ASIC, one vote,” as envisioned by Satoshi Nakamoto. This approach ensures that mining power is distributed more evenly, reducing the influence of large mining pools and enhancing the overall security and resilience of the Bitcoin network. With Bitaxe, solo mining becomes accessible to most people without requiring enormous sacrifices, allowing everyone to participate in securing the Bitcoin network.

Additionally, Bitaxe miners can be used to mine testnet coins, providing a safe environment for testing and experimentation without risking real Bitcoin. This functionality is particularly valuable for developers and enthusiasts who wish to experiment with mining configurations and software improvements.

For more information on the benefits and support available for Bitaxe miners, visit the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

Optimizing Bitaxe Performance

Software Configuration

Setting Up AxeOS Firmware

To get the most out of your Bitaxe miner, it’s crucial to configure the AxeOS firmware properly. Start by downloading the latest version of AxeOS from the GitHub repository and installing it on your device. The firmware setup process involves connecting your Bitaxe miner to a 2.4GHz Wi-Fi network, as it is not compatible with 5GHz networks. Access the AxeOS web portal via a browser by connecting to the Bitaxe’s Wi-Fi access point and navigating to

Once connected, configure the power and cooling settings to optimize performance. AxeOS provides an intuitive interface for adjusting these parameters. Utilize the autotune function to automatically calibrate power and heat settings, ensuring your miner operates at maximum efficiency without overheating.

Adjusting Power and Cooling Settings for Maximum Efficiency

Proper power and cooling management are vital for maintaining optimal performance. Ensure that the fan and heatsink are correctly installed and functioning to prevent thermal throttling. Adjust the power settings to find a balance between high hash rates and energy consumption. Monitoring real-time performance metrics through the AxeOS interface can help you fine-tune these settings for the best results.

For detailed setup instructions and configuration tips, visit the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website.

Regular Updates

Importance of Keeping Software Up-to-Date

Regularly updating your AxeOS firmware is essential to benefit from the latest features, performance improvements, and security patches. Keeping your software current ensures that your Bitaxe miner remains efficient and competitive in the ever-evolving Bitcoin mining landscape.

Benefits of New Features and Performance Improvements

With each update, AxeOS introduces new features and enhancements that can significantly improve your mining operations. These updates often include optimizations for better energy efficiency, improved hash rates, and enhanced stability. Additionally, updates may address known issues and provide fixes that enhance overall performance and user experience.

Staying up-to-date with the latest firmware releases can also introduce new tools and functionalities that streamline the mining process and provide more robust monitoring and control options.

For the latest updates and detailed release notes, check the GitHub repository and the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website. By regularly updating your firmware, you ensure that your Bitaxe miner operates at its peak potential, maintaining its edge in the competitive world of Bitcoin mining.

Contributing to Bitaxe and AxeOS Projects

Engaging with the Bitaxe and AxeOS projects is an excellent way to contribute to the open-source Bitcoin mining community. To participate, start by visiting the GitHub repositories for Bitaxe and AxeOS, where you can access the source code, documentation, and development updates. Here’s how you can get involved:

  1. Fork the Repository: Create your own copy of the Bitaxe or AxeOS repository on GitHub to start making changes.
  2. Develop and Test: Implement your customizations or improvements and test them thoroughly on your own hardware setup.
  3. Submit Pull Requests: Once you are satisfied with your changes, submit a pull request to the original repository. This allows the community to review and potentially integrate your contributions into the main project.
  4. Report Issues: If you encounter bugs or have suggestions for improvements, use the GitHub Issues tab to report them. This helps the maintainers address problems and enhance the project.
  5. Contribute to Documentation: Improve the existing documentation by adding detailed guides, troubleshooting tips, or new features descriptions. This helps other users understand and utilize the tools effectively.

Sharing Customizations and Improvements with the Community

By sharing your customizations and improvements, you contribute to the collective knowledge and advancement of the Bitaxe and AxeOS projects. Document your modifications clearly and provide any necessary instructions or code snippets. Engage with other developers in the GitHub discussions and forums to exchange ideas and feedback.

Open-Source Collaboration

Benefits of Contributing to Open-Source Projects

Contributing to open-source projects like Bitaxe and AxeOS offers numerous benefits:

  1. Learning and Skill Development: Working on these projects provides hands-on experience with cutting-edge Bitcoin mining technology and software development practices.
  2. Community Recognition: Your contributions can gain recognition from the global Bitcoin and open-source communities, enhancing your reputation and networking opportunities.
  3. Innovative Solutions: Collaborative development leads to innovative solutions and improvements that benefit all users.
  4. Enhanced Performance: Community-driven enhancements often lead to more efficient, stable, and feature-rich software and hardware.

Encouragement to Engage in Forums and GitHub Discussions

Active participation in forums and GitHub discussions fosters a supportive and collaborative environment. By sharing your experiences, asking questions, and providing feedback, you help build a vibrant community around Bitaxe and AxeOS. D-Central Technologies encourages all users to engage in these platforms to contribute to the ongoing development and refinement of the projects.

For more information and to get started, visit the GitHub repository for Bitaxe and the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website. Engage with the community, share your insights, and be part of the future of Bitcoin mining.


The Bitaxe series represents a significant advancement in the world of Bitcoin mining, embodying the principles of open-source innovation and community collaboration. Throughout this guide, we’ve explored the unique features of Bitaxe, including its open-source flexibility, standalone capabilities, and high efficiency powered by advanced ASIC chips like the BM1366 and BM1368.

We’ve also delved into the detailed assembly process, provided troubleshooting tips for common issues, and discussed the benefits of solo mining with Bitaxe, such as increased independence and control over mining operations. The supportive role of the Open Source Miners United (OSMU) community has been highlighted, showcasing the wealth of resources available for troubleshooting and optimization.

Optimizing Bitaxe performance through proper software configuration and regular updates ensures miners can achieve maximum efficiency and stay competitive. Additionally, the importance of community involvement and contributions to the Bitaxe and AxeOS projects has been emphasized, encouraging users to share their customizations and improvements.

Bitaxe not only democratizes Bitcoin mining but also aligns with the original vision of decentralization and censorship resistance in the Bitcoin network. It provides an accessible and empowering tool for miners of all levels, from beginners to seasoned professionals.

We invite you to explore the Bitaxe series further, contribute to the thriving community, and stay updated with the latest advancements by visiting the Bitaxe product category on D-Central Technologies’ website. Join us in shaping the future of Bitcoin mining and experiencing the benefits of open-source collaboration.


What is the Bitaxe series?

The Bitaxe series is a collection of revolutionary open-source ASIC miners designed for solo Bitcoin mining. It allows for unparalleled customization, control, and efficiency, fostering a vibrant community of enthusiasts and developers.

What models are included in the Bitaxe series?

The Bitaxe series includes several models:
– **Bitaxe Ultra**: Equipped with the BM1366 ASIC chip, balancing performance and efficiency.
– **Bitaxe Supra**: Uses the advanced BM1368 ASIC chip for top-tier performance and efficiency.
– **Bitaxe Hex**: Features six BM1366 chips, offering high scalability and exceptional hash rates.
– **Bitaxe Max**: Utilizes the BM1397 chip from the Antminer 17 series, suitable for beginners with moderate energy consumption.

What are the standout features of the Bitaxe series?

Key features of the Bitaxe series include:
– **Open-source design**: Allows for customization and continuous improvement.
– **Standalone capabilities**: Can operate independently over Wi-Fi, simplifying the setup process.
– **High efficiency**: Utilizes advanced ASIC chips known for their energy efficiency and high hash rates.

How do I assemble a Bitaxe miner?

To assemble a Bitaxe miner, follow these steps:
1. **Gather materials**: PCB, ICs kit, solder paste, stencil, tweezers, convection toaster oven, thermocouple thermometer, fan with heatsink, and miscellaneous tools.
2. **Stencil solder paste onto the PCB**: Apply solder paste through a stencil accurately.
3. **Place components**: Use tweezers to place components on the PCB.
4. **Reflow the board**: Use a toaster oven to reflow the solder paste.
5. **Inspect and cool**: Check for solder bridges or dry pads and fix with a soldering iron if necessary.
6. **Repeat for the second side**: If necessary, repeat the process for the second side of the PCB.

What common issues might I encounter while setting up or operating a Bitaxe miner?

Common issues include:
– **Power Supply Problems**: Ensure you use a 5V DC power supply with a 2.5/5.5mm barrel jack connector.
– **Connectivity Issues**: Connect to a 2.4GHz Wi-Fi network and configure through the AxeOS web portal.
– **Performance Maintenance**: Monitor performance through AxeOS and adjust power and cooling settings if necessary.
– **Operational Errors**: Inspect solder joints and update firmware via the GitHub repository for the latest software.

What are the benefits of solo mining with Bitaxe?

Solo mining with Bitaxe offers complete control over operations and potentially higher rewards since miners receive the entire block reward. However, the challenge lies in discovering blocks less frequently than in pool mining. The support from the Open Source Miners United (OSMU) community aids in troubleshooting and optimizing mining setups.

How can I optimize the performance of my Bitaxe miner?

Optimize performance by:
– **Configuring AxeOS firmware**: Download and set up the latest firmware from GitHub.
– **Adjusting power and cooling settings**: Balance hash rates and energy consumption, and ensure effective cooling.
– **Regular updates**: Keep AxeOS firmware up-to-date to benefit from new features and performance improvements.

How can I contribute to Bitaxe and AxeOS projects?

Contribute by:
– **Forking the repository on GitHub**: Make and test customizations or improvements.
– **Submitting pull requests**: Share your changes with the community.
– **Reporting issues**: Help improve the project by reporting bugs or suggesting enhancements.
– **Contributing to documentation**: Provide detailed guides and troubleshooting tips.

Why is community involvement important in the Bitaxe project?

Community involvement drives continuous innovation and improvement. By sharing customizations and enhancements, users contribute to a collective knowledge base that benefits all members. The open-source collaboration aligns with Bitcoin’s principles of decentralization and resistance to censorship.

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